Histopathological Features of Cervical Cancer in a Tertiary Hospital in Kumasi Ghana: A 9 Year Retrospective Study
AbstractCervical cancer remains one of the commonest gynaecological cancers among women in developingcountries. Knowing the general profile of the disease from institution-based studies would be important inreflecting the actual national prevalence. This was a retrospective study to determine the histopathologicalcharacteristics of specimen of the uteri cervix diagnosed in our center over a 9-year period. A total of 1,094cervical histological findings were reviewed. Of these, 1087 (99.4%) were cervical carcinomas, 3 (0.3%)normal and 4 (0.4%) inflammatory. Mean age of patients was 58.9±15.9 years with 29% of the patients withcervical cancer being below 50 years while 71% were 50 years and older. Squamous cell carcinoma was thecommonest histological sub-type with 51.7% being moderately differentiated. Clinical presentation included,cervical polyps, post-coital bleeding, fungating mass, bleeding per vagina, recurrent cervical cancer andmetastatic cervical cancer. In conclusion, the findings suggest that cervical carcinoma is still common amongwomen visiting our hospital to seek medical attention for various conditions of the uterine cervix withsquamous cell carcinoma being the most prevalent histological type. Policies that promote theimplementation, monitoring and evaluation, screening and vaccination have to be considered to reduce theburden of cervical cancer in our environment.
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