Knowledge, Utilization and Challenges of Contraceptives among Adolescents in Tamale Metropolis
Keywords:Contraceptives, Adolescents, Knowledge, Challenges, Utilization
AbstractReproductive health issues are central to the Sustainable Development Goal 3. Globally, governments are committed to the reduction of adolescent birth rate, in which access to modern contraceptives is pivotal. This study examined the Knowledge, Utilization and Challenges of Contraceptives among Adolescents in Tamale Metropolis. Methods: The study adopted a cross-sectional study approach, in which 400 participants were selected through simple random sampling. Semi-structured questionnaire and focus group discussion guides were the main tools used to gather data on the knowledge of contraceptive types as well as the challenges and utilization of contraceptives. Six focus groups were conducted with six participants in each of the groups.Results: In this study, only 258(67%) of the participants knew of at least one method of family planning. The study further revealed that knowledge level of participants on the side effects of contraceptives was low. Myths surrounding contraceptives use and practice was very common among the study subjects. The most frequent challenges faced by the participants in their quest to access contraceptives were inadequate education on contraceptives, and some traditional and religious beliefs, representing 49.7% and 34.7%, respectively. Respondents aged 16-19 years were more associated with the use of oral contraceptive pills, injectable, implant, intrauterine contraceptive, withdrawal, and condom thus, 144(83.2), 156(91.2), 118(95.1), 23(100.0), 61(100.0), and 243 (81.3), respectively. In this study, the main source of information among the respondents was the internet (96.3%).Conclusion: Stigmatization, the feeling of shyness and some traditional beliefs are major challenges to the utilization of contraceptives among the study participants. Therefore, health authorities in the region ought to intensify their reproductive health education strategies to minimize stigmatization among adolescents.
The Journal of Medical and Biomedical Science publishes original, novel, peer-reviewed reports that pertain to medical and allied health sciences; confirmatory reports of previously described phenomena that either contain a novel finding or are of such magnitude to enhance the field; as well as laboratory or basic science investigational studies that are meritorious.